During the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season, Hurricane Sandy made landfall near Brigantine,
New Jersey. Its effects were felt in 24 states across the eastern seaboard and as far west as Wisconsin and
Michigan, with total damages ranked second in US history behind Hurricane Katrina. The Disaster Relief
Appropriations Act of 2013 provided nearly $800 million to the Department of the Interior to focus on
restoration and resiliency building in the impacted region.
USGS scientists at the National Wetlands
Research Center, the Southeast Ecological Science Center, and other offices received funding for studies
related to habitat change, storm surge and ecological modeling, migratory bird impacts, and other topics
of interest. The
Hurricane Sandy Spatial Data Mapping Application
showcases the data and analytical products resulting from these studies.1
Projects currently included in the mapping application:
Projects planned for inclusion:
- Alicia Berlin: Migratory bird impacts
- Bill Jones: Habitat mapping
- Camille Stagg: Soil core sampling
- Elijah Ramsey: Vegetation mapping
- Hongqing Wang: Storm surge modeling; sediment composition
- Kate Spear: Bird populations, behavior, and nesting impacts
- Kristen Hart: Wetland fauna and ecosystem impacts
- Amina Rangoonwala: Habitat change assessment
- John Young: Forest canopy
- Blake, Eric S; Kimberlain, Todd B; Berg, Robert J; Cangialosi, John P; Beven II, John L; National
Hurricane Center (February 12, 2013) (PDF). Hurricane Sandy: October 22 – 29, 2012 (Tropical
Cyclone Report). United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather
Service. Archived from the original on February 17, 2013. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
- Blake, Eric S; Landsea, Christopher W; Gibney, Ethan J; National Climatic Data Center; National
Hurricane Center (August 10, 2011). The deadliest, costliest and most intense United States tropical
cyclones from 1851 to 2010 (and other frequently requested hurricane facts) (NOAA Technical
Memorandum NWS NHC-6). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. p. 47. Retrieved August 10,
- Hurricane Sandy Disaster Relief Supplemental Appropriations Spending Plan (May 6, 2013) (PDF).
Department of the Interior. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- Hurricane Sandy FEMA After-Action Report (July 1, 2013) (PDF). Federal Emergency Management Agency.
Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- Hurricane/Post-Tropical Cyclone Sandy, October 22–29, 2012 (Service Assessment). United States
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service. May 2013. p. 10.
Archived from the original on June 2, 2013. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
1Although this program has been used by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), no warranty, expressed or
implied, is made by the USGS or the U.S. Government as to the accuracy and functioning of the
program and related program material nor shall the fact of distribution constitute any such
warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in connection therewith.